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Your Guide to Face Serums - Usage, Types and Product Recommendations

Your Guide to Face Serums - Usage, Types and Product Recommendations

A face serum is a skincare product that delivers a high concentration of active ingredients directly to the skin. They are designed to target specific skin concerns such as wrinkles, blemishes, dryness, oiliness and more. Serums are typically applied after cleansing and before moisturizing to ensure that the active ingredients are effectively absorbed into the skin. 

Read on to find out more about how these serums work on your skin, how to select the right type of serum and how to include them into your daily skincare routine. 

Is Serum a Moisturizer?

Yes and no. Serums often contain moisturizing ingredients like hyaluronic acid and ceramides, but they don’t function as traditional moisturizers. Lotions and creams are richer and create a barrier on the skin to retain moisture.


Key Ingredients in Face Serums

Understanding the ingredients in your face serum can help you choose the right one for your skin type and concerns:

  • Hyaluronic Acid
    A hydrating ingredient that can hold up to 1000 times its weight in water, perfect for dry and dehydrated skin.

  • Vitamin C
    An antioxidant that brightens the skin and fights free radicals, promoting a more even skin tone.

  • Retinol
    A form of Vitamin A that accelerates cell turnover, reduces wrinkles, and improves skin texture.

  • Peptides
    Short chains of amino acids that help boost collagen production, making the skin firmer and more elastic.

Types of Face Serums

Face serums can be categorized based on their primary function, some of which include;

  • Hydrating Serums
    Contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid and glycerin to boost moisture levels.

  • Anti-Aging Serums
    Focus on reducing fine lines and wrinkles with ingredients like retinol and peptides.

  • Brightening Serums
    Contains ingredients like vitamin C and niacinamide to even out skin tone and reduce dark spots.

  • Acne-Fighting Serums
    Includes ingredients such as salicylic acid and tea tree oil to combat breakouts and clear pores.

When and How to Apply Skin Serums

Apply serums twice daily, after cleansing and toning. Use sunscreen over the serum in the morning and a suitable moisturizer at night. Apply the serum with one or two fingers to avoid wasting it and massage thoroughly into the skin.


At What Age Should You Start Using Face Serums?

There’s no specific age to start using serums. Anti-acne serums can be used in the teenage years, while anti-wrinkle serums are typically recommended after 30. Your skincare routine should include other high-quality products to maintain healthy, glowing skin.

Is it Okay to Layer Different Serums?

Yes, layering serums can address multiple skin concerns. Use 2-3 serums with compatible ingredients, layering from thinnest to thickest for optimal absorption. Use strong actives like retinol at night, and always patch-test new serums.


Tailoring Serums to Specific Skin Types

To ensure maximum efficiency of face serums, it is important to identify your skin type and use serums designed for these skin types. Consider the following factors; 

  • For Mature Skin
    All skin ages, but anti-aging serums can help mitigate the signs of aging by supporting collagen and elastin production and promoting skin resurfacing. Look for serums with antioxidants like pomegranate or green tea extract, and vitamins A, C, and E which protect against damaging free radicals that can cause various skin aging concerns. If you’re new to retinoids, start with a low dose (around 0.25%) and gradually increase it as your skin builds tolerance.

  • For Oily Skin
    Serums for oily skin often contain niacinamide to balance oil production and salicylic acid to exfoliate and minimize pores. Oily skin needs hydration too and water-based serums with humectants like honey, aloe, glycerin, or hyaluronic acid hydrate without adding oil and can help balance sebum production.

  • For Acne-Prone Skin
    Acne-fighting serums penetrate deeply to target blemishes, unclog pores, and reduce bacteria. Look for niacinamide, zinc, and salicylic acid to clarify skin and reduce redness and oil. Ingredients like thyme, tea tree, turmeric, goldenseal, and arnica provide antibacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits,

  • How to Incorporate Serums into Your Skincare Routine

    To reap the maximum benefits from your face serum, it's important to apply it correctly. Follow these steps -

    Cleanse - Start with a gentle cleanser to remove dirt and impurities.

    Tone - Apply a toner to balance the skin’s pH.

    Serum -  Apply your chosen serum, using one or two fingers to avoid wasting product.

    Moisturize - Follow up with a moisturizer suitable for your skin type.

    Sunscreen - In the morning, finish with a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin from UV damage.


    Face serums are a versatile and powerful addition to any skincare routine, addressing a wide range of concerns with their potent formulations. By understanding your skin's needs and choosing the right serums, you can enhance your skincare regimen and achieve healthier, more radiant skin.

    At essentials.lk, we bring you a wide range of skin serums from the best international brands.  Whether you're battling acne, combating signs of aging, or simply looking to boost hydration, our collection has something for everyone, Check out our face care collection to find serums to suit your skin’s unique needs.  

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